A pathways model of problem and pathological gambling. Factor analysis found a single factor underlying the instrument.noir in roulette ILLEGAL GAMBLING Abstract Different classification systems for erroneous beliefs about gambling have been proposed, consistently alluding to 'illusion of control'. Following on this belief, correcting erroneous gambling cognitions is central to most . •Test-retest: Stable answers to erroneous beliefs about gambling over a. Common Myths about Gambling. People often hold false beliefs or myths about gambling that can lead to problems. Some of the more common ones are listed.